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extensions.conf

Dieses Thema im Forum "Grundsätzliches" wurde erstellt von bastilein_1985, 8 Dez. 2005.

  1. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    Hallo erst einmal ich habe ein Asteriskserver installiert mit debian (Sarge)
    Heute wollte ich etwas editieren in der extensions.conf und der ganze Quellcode war draußen. Woran liegt das? Kann mir jemanden einen Beispielquellcode senden. weil den hat es auch zerschossen. Danke im voraus für eure Mithilfe... Basti
     
  2. betateilchen

    betateilchen Grandstream-Guru

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    am Letzenberg
    www.asterisk.org

    da findest Du die Quelltexte zu Asterisk und im Unterordner /config ist für jede CONF-Datei eine Beispieldatei dabei.
     
  3. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    nein die Möglichkeit habe ich nicht irgendetwas hat mit die Datei total zerschossen di sip.conf ist noch ordentlich da, es liegt nur an der einen!
     
  4. betateilchen

    betateilchen Grandstream-Guru

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    welche Möglichkeit hast Du nicht ?
    Code:
    ;
    ; Static extension configuration file, used by
    ; the pbx_config module. This is where you configure all your 
    ; inbound and outbound calls in Asterisk. 
    ; 
    ; This configuration file is reloaded 
    ; - With the "extensions reload" command in the CLI
    ; - With the "reload" command (that reloads everything) in the CLI
    
    ;
    ; The "General" category is for certain variables.  
    ;
    [general]
    ;
    ; If static is set to no, or omitted, then the pbx_config will rewrite
    ; this file when extensions are modified.  Remember that all comments
    ; made in the file will be lost when that happens. 
    ;
    ; XXX Not yet implemented XXX
    ;
    static=yes
    ;
    ; if static=yes and writeprotect=no, you can save dialplan by
    ; CLI command 'save dialplan' too
    ;
    writeprotect=no
    ;
    ; If autofallthrough is set, then if an extension runs out of
    ; things to do, it will terminate the call with BUSY, CONGESTION
    ; or HANGUP depending on Asterisk's best guess (strongly recommended).
    ;
    ; If autofallthrough is not set, then if an extension runs out of 
    ; things to do, asterisk will wait for a new extension to be dialed 
    ; (this is the original behavior of Asterisk 1.0 and earlier).
    ;
    autofallthrough=yes
    ;
    ; If clearglobalvars is set, global variables will be cleared 
    ; and reparsed on an extensions reload, or Asterisk reload.
    ;
    ; If clearglobalvars is not set, then global variables will persist
    ; through reloads, and even if deleted from the extensions.conf or
    ; one if its included files, will remain set to the previous value.
    ;
    clearglobalvars=no
    ;
    ; If priorityjumping is set to 'yes', then applications that support
    ; 'jumping' to a different priority based on the result of their operations
    ; will do so (this is backwards compatible behavior with pre-1.2 releases
    ; of Asterisk). Individual applications can also be requested to do this
    ; by passing a 'j' option in their arguments.
    ;
    priorityjumping=no
    ;
    ; You can include other config files, use the #include command
    ; (without the ';'). Note that this is different from the "include" command
    ; that includes contexts within other contexts. The #include command works
    ; in all asterisk configuration files.
    ;#include "filename.conf"
    
    ; The "Globals" category contains global variables that can be referenced
    ; in the dialplan with ${VARIABLE} or ${ENV(VARIABLE)} for Environmental
    ; variables,
    ; ${${VARIABLE}} or ${text${VARIABLE}} or any hybrid
    ;
    [globals]
    CONSOLE=Console/dsp				; Console interface for demo
    ;CONSOLE=Zap/1
    ;CONSOLE=Phone/phone0
    IAXINFO=guest					; IAXtel username/password
    ;IAXINFO=myuser:mypass
    TRUNK=Zap/g2					; Trunk interface
    ;
    ; Note the 'g2' in the TRUNK variable above. It specifies which group (defined
    ; in zapata.conf) to dial, i.e. group 2, and how to choose a channel to use in
    ; the specified group. The four possible options are:
    ;
    ; g: select the lowest-numbered non-busy Zap channel
    ;    (aka. ascending sequential hunt group).
    ; G: select the highest-numbered non-busy Zap channel
    ;    (aka. descending sequential hunt group).
    ; r: use a round-robin search, starting at the next highest channel than last
    ;    time (aka. ascending rotary hunt group).
    ; R: use a round-robin search, starting at the next lowest channel than last
    ;    time (aka. descending rotary hunt group).
    ;
    TRUNKMSD=1					; MSD digits to strip (usually 1 or 0)
    ;TRUNK=IAX2/user:pass@provider
    
    ;
    ; Any category other than "General" and "Globals" represent 
    ; extension contexts, which are collections of extensions.  
    ;
    ; Extension names may be numbers, letters, or combinations
    ; thereof. If an extension name is prefixed by a '_'
    ; character, it is interpreted as a pattern rather than a
    ; literal.  In patterns, some characters have special meanings:
    ;
    ;   X - any digit from 0-9
    ;   Z - any digit from 1-9
    ;   N - any digit from 2-9
    ;   [1235-9] - any digit in the brackets (in this example, 1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9)
    ;   . - wildcard, matches anything remaining (e.g. _9011. matches 
    ;	anything starting with 9011 excluding 9011 itself)
    ;   ! - wildcard, causes the matching process to complete as soon as
    ;       it can unambiguously determine that no other matches are possible
    ;
    ; For example the extension _NXXXXXX would match normal 7 digit dialings, 
    ; while _1NXXNXXXXXX would represent an area code plus phone number
    ; preceeded by a one.
    ;
    ; Each step of an extension is ordered by priority, which must
    ; always start with 1 to be considered a valid extension.  The priority
    ; "next" or "n" means the previous priority plus one, regardless of whether
    ; the previous priority was associated with the current extension or not.
    ; The priority "same" or "s" means the same as the previously specified
    ; priority, again regardless of whether the previous entry was for the
    ; same extension.  Priorities may be immediately followed by a plus sign
    ; and another integer to add that amount (most useful with 's' or 'n').  
    ; Priorities may then also have an alias, or label, in 
    ; parenthesis after their name which can be used in goto situations
    ;
    ; Contexts contain several lines, one for each step of each
    ; extension, which can take one of two forms as listed below,
    ; with the first form being preferred.  One may include another
    ; context in the current one as well, optionally with a
    ; date and time.  Included contexts are included in the order
    ; they are listed.
    ;
    ;[context]
    ;exten => someexten,priority[+offset][(alias)],application(arg1,arg2,...)
    ;exten => someexten,priority[+offset][(alias)],application,arg1|arg2...
    ;
    ; Timing list for includes is 
    ;
    ;   <time range>|<days of week>|<days of month>|<months>
    ;
    ;include => daytime|9:00-17:00|mon-fri|*|*
    ;
    ; ignorepat can be used to instruct drivers to not cancel dialtone upon
    ; receipt of a particular pattern.  The most commonly used example is
    ; of course '9' like this:
    ;
    ;ignorepat => 9
    ;
    ; so that dialtone remains even after dialing a 9.
    ;
    
    ;
    ; Sample entries for extensions.conf
    ;
    ;
    [dundi-e164-canonical]
    ;
    ; List canonical entries here
    ;
    ;exten => 12564286000,1,Macro(std-exten,6000,IAX2/foo)
    ;exten => _125642860XX,1,Dial(IAX2/otherbox/${EXTEN:7})
    
    [dundi-e164-customers]
    ;
    ; If you are an ITSP or Reseller, list your customers here.
    ;
    ;exten => _12564286000,1,Dial(SIP/customer1)
    ;exten => _12564286001,1,Dial(IAX2/customer2)
    
    [dundi-e164-via-pstn]
    ;
    ; If you are freely delivering calls to the PSTN, list them here
    ;
    ;exten => _1256428XXXX,1,Dial(Zap/g2/${EXTEN:7}) ; Expose all of 256-428 
    ;exten => _1256325XXXX,1,Dial(Zap/g2/${EXTEN:7}) ; Ditto for 256-325
    
    [dundi-e164-local]
    ;
    ; Context to put your dundi IAX2 or SIP user in for
    ; full access
    ;
    include => dundi-e164-canonical
    include => dundi-e164-customers
    include => dundi-e164-via-pstn
    
    [dundi-e164-switch]
    ;
    ; Just a wrapper for the switch
    ;
    switch => DUNDi/e164
    
    [dundi-e164-lookup]
    ;
    ; Locally to lookup, try looking for a local E.164 solution
    ; then try DUNDi if we don't have one.
    ;
    include => dundi-e164-local
    include => dundi-e164-switch
    ;
    ; DUNDi can also be implemented as a Macro instead of using 
    ; the Local channel driver. 
    ;
    [macro-dundi-e164]
    ;
    ; ARG1 is the extension to Dial
    ;
    exten => s,1,Goto(${ARG1},1)
    include => dundi-e164-lookup
    
    ;
    ; Here are the entries you need to participate in the IAXTEL
    ; call routing system.  Most IAXTEL numbers begin with 1-700, but
    ; there are exceptions.  For more information, and to sign
    ; up, please go to [url]www.gnophone.com[/url] or [url]www.iaxtel.com[/url]
    ;
    [iaxtel700]
    exten => _91700XXXXXXX,1,Dial(IAX2/${IAXINFO}@iaxtel.com/${EXTEN:1}@iaxtel)
    
    ;
    ; The SWITCH statement permits a server to share the dialplain with
    ; another server. Use with care: Reciprocal switch statements are not
    ; allowed (e.g. both A -> B and B -> A), and the switched server needs
    ; to be on-line or else dialing can be severly delayed.
    ;
    [iaxprovider]
    ;switch => IAX2/user:[key]@myserver/mycontext
    
    [trunkint]
    ;
    ; International long distance through trunk
    ;
    exten => _9011.,1,Macro(dundi-e164,${EXTEN:4})
    exten => _9011.,n,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    
    [trunkld]
    ;
    ; Long distance context accessed through trunk
    ;
    exten => _91NXXNXXXXXX,1,Macro(dundi-e164,${EXTEN:1})
    exten => _91NXXNXXXXXX,n,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    
    [trunklocal]
    ;
    ; Local seven-digit dialing accessed through trunk interface
    ;
    exten => _9NXXXXXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    
    [trunktollfree]
    ;
    ; Long distance context accessed through trunk interface
    ;
    exten => _91800NXXXXXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    exten => _91888NXXXXXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    exten => _91877NXXXXXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    exten => _91866NXXXXXX,1,Dial(${TRUNK}/${EXTEN:${TRUNKMSD}})
    
    [international]
    ;
    ; Master context for international long distance
    ;
    ignorepat => 9
    include => longdistance
    include => trunkint
    
    [longdistance]
    ;
    ; Master context for long distance
    ;
    ignorepat => 9
    include => local
    include => trunkld
    
    [local]
    ;
    ; Master context for local, toll-free, and iaxtel calls only
    ;
    ignorepat => 9
    include => default
    include => parkedcalls
    include => trunklocal
    include => iaxtel700
    include => trunktollfree
    include => iaxprovider
    ;
    ; You can use an alternative switch type as well, to resolve
    ; extensions that are not known here, for example with remote 
    ; IAX switching you transparently get access to the remote
    ; Asterisk PBX
    ; 
    ; switch => IAX2/user:password@bigserver/local
    ;
    ; An "lswitch" is like a switch but is literal, in that
    ; variable substitution is not performed at load time
    ; but is passed to the switch directly (presumably to
    ; be substituted in the switch routine itself)
    ;
    ; lswitch => Loopback/12${EXTEN}@othercontext
    ;
    ; An "eswitch" is like a switch but the evaluation of
    ; variable substitution is performed at runtime before
    ; being passed to the switch routine.
    ;
    ; eswitch => IAX2/context@${CURSERVER}
    
    [macro-stdexten];
    ;
    ; Standard extension macro:
    ;   ${ARG1} - Extension  (we could have used ${MACRO_EXTEN} here as well
    ;   ${ARG2} - Device(s) to ring
    ;
    exten => s,1,Dial(${ARG2},20)					; Ring the interface, 20 seconds maximum
    exten => s,2,Goto(s-${DIALSTATUS},1)				; Jump based on status (NOANSWER,BUSY,CHANUNAVAIL,CONGESTION,ANSWER)
    
    exten => s-NOANSWER,1,Voicemail(u${ARG1})		; If unavailable, send to voicemail w/ unavail announce
    exten => s-NOANSWER,2,Goto(default,s,1)			; If they press #, return to start
    
    exten => s-BUSY,1,Voicemail(b${ARG1})			; If busy, send to voicemail w/ busy announce
    exten => s-BUSY,2,Goto(default,s,1)				; If they press #, return to start
    
    exten => _s-.,1,Goto(s-NOANSWER,1)				; Treat anything else as no answer
    
    exten => a,1,VoicemailMain(${ARG1})				; If they press *, send the user into VoicemailMain
    
    [macro-stdPrivacyexten];
    ;
    ; Standard extension macro:
    ;   ${ARG1} - Extension  (we could have used ${MACRO_EXTEN} here as well
    ;   ${ARG2} - Device(s) to ring
    ;   ${ARG3} - Optional DONTCALL context name to jump to (assumes the s,1 extension-priority)
    ;   ${ARG4} - Optional TORTURE context name to jump to (assumes the s,1 extension-priority)`
    ;
    exten => s,1,Dial(${ARG2},20|p)					; Ring the interface, 20 seconds maximum, call screening option (or use P for databased call screening)
    exten => s,2,Goto(s-${DIALSTATUS},1)				; Jump based on status (NOANSWER,BUSY,CHANUNAVAIL,CONGESTION,ANSWER)
    
    exten => s-NOANSWER,1,Voicemail(u${ARG1})		; If unavailable, send to voicemail w/ unavail announce
    exten => s-NOANSWER,2,Goto(default,s,1)			; If they press #, return to start
    
    exten => s-BUSY,1,Voicemail(b${ARG1})			; If busy, send to voicemail w/ busy announce
    exten => s-BUSY,2,Goto(default,s,1)				; If they press #, return to start
    
    exten => s-DONTCALL,1,Goto(${ARG3},s,1)               ; Callee chose to send this call to a polite "Don't call again" script.
    
    exten => s-TORTURE,1,Goto(${ARG4},s,1)                ; Callee chose to send this call to a telemarketer torture script.
    
    exten => _s-.,1,Goto(s-NOANSWER,1)				; Treat anything else as no answer
    
    exten => a,1,VoicemailMain(${ARG1})				; If they press *, send the user into VoicemailMain
    
    [demo]
    ;
    ; We start with what to do when a call first comes in.
    ;
    exten => s,1,Wait,1			; Wait a second, just for fun
    exten => s,n,Answer			; Answer the line
    exten => s,n,Set(TIMEOUT(digit)=5)	; Set Digit Timeout to 5 seconds
    exten => s,n,Set(TIMEOUT(response)=10)	; Set Response Timeout to 10 seconds
    exten => s,n(restart),BackGround(demo-congrats)	; Play a congratulatory message
    exten => s,n(instruct),BackGround(demo-instruct)	; Play some instructions
    exten => s,n,WaitExten		; Wait for an extension to be dialed.
    
    exten => 2,1,BackGround(demo-moreinfo)	; Give some more information.
    exten => 2,n,Goto(s,instruct)
    
    exten => 3,1,Set(LANGUAGE()=fr)		; Set language to french
    exten => 3,n,Goto(s,restart)			; Start with the congratulations
    
    exten => 1000,1,Goto(default,s,1)
    ;
    ; We also create an example user, 1234, who is on the console and has
    ; voicemail, etc.
    ;
    exten => 1234,1,Playback(transfer,skip)		; "Please hold while..." 
    					; (but skip if channel is not up)
    exten => 1234,n,Macro(stdexten,1234,${CONSOLE})
    
    exten => 1235,1,Voicemail(u1234)		; Right to voicemail
    
    exten => 1236,1,Dial(Console/dsp)		; Ring forever
    exten => 1236,n,Voicemail(u1234)		; Unless busy
    
    ;
    ; # for when they're done with the demo
    ;
    exten => #,1,Playback(demo-thanks)		; "Thanks for trying the demo"
    exten => #,n,Hangup			; Hang them up.
    
    ;
    ; A timeout and "invalid extension rule"
    ;
    exten => t,1,Goto(#,1)			; If they take too long, give up
    exten => i,1,Playback(invalid)		; "That's not valid, try again"
    
    ;
    ; Create an extension, 500, for dialing the
    ; Asterisk demo.
    ;
    exten => 500,1,Playback(demo-abouttotry); Let them know what's going on
    exten => 500,n,Dial(IAX2/guest@misery.digium.com/s@default)	; Call the Asterisk demo
    exten => 500,n,Playback(demo-nogo)	; Couldn't connect to the demo site
    exten => 500,n,Goto(s,6)		; Return to the start over message.
    
    ;
    ; Create an extension, 600, for evaulating echo latency.
    ;
    exten => 600,1,Playback(demo-echotest)	; Let them know what's going on
    exten => 600,n,Echo			; Do the echo test
    exten => 600,n,Playback(demo-echodone)	; Let them know it's over
    exten => 600,n,Goto(s,6)		; Start over
    
    ;
    ; Give voicemail at extension 8500
    ;
    exten => 8500,1,VoicemailMain
    exten => 8500,n,Goto(s,6)
    ;
    ; Here's what a phone entry would look like (IXJ for example)
    ;
    ;exten => 1265,1,Dial(Phone/phone0,15)
    ;exten => 1265,n,Goto(s,5)
    
    ;[mainmenu]
    ;
    ; Example "main menu" context with submenu
    ;
    ;exten => s,1,Answer
    ;exten => s,n,Background(thanks)		; "Thanks for calling press 1 for sales, 2 for support, ..."
    ;exten => s,n,WaitExten
    ;exten => 1,1,Goto(submenu,s,1)
    ;exten => 2,1,Hangup
    ;include => default
    ;
    ;[submenu]
    ;exten => s,1,Ringing					; Make them comfortable with 2 seconds of ringback
    ;exten => s,n,Wait,2
    ;exten => s,n,Background(submenuopts)	; "Thanks for calling the sales department.  Press 1 for steve, 2 for..."
    ;exten => s,n,WaitExten
    ;exten => 1,1,Goto(default,steve,1)
    ;exten => 2,1,Goto(default,mark,2)
    
    [default]
    ;
    ; By default we include the demo.  In a production system, you 
    ; probably don't want to have the demo there.
    ;
    include => demo
    
    ;
    ; Extensions like the two below can be used for FWD, Nikotel, sipgate etc.
    ; Note that you must have a [sipprovider] section in sip.conf whereas
    ; the otherprovider.net example does not require such a peer definition
    ;
    ;exten => _41X.,1,Dial(SIP/${EXTEN:2}@sipprovider,,r)
    ;exten => _42X.,1,Dial(SIP/user:passwd@${EXTEN:2}@otherprovider.net,30,rT)
    
    ; Real extensions would go here. Generally you want real extensions to be
    ; 4 or 5 digits long (although there is no such requirement) and start with a
    ; single digit that is fairly large (like 6 or 7) so that you have plenty of
    ; room to overlap extensions and menu options without conflict.  You can alias
    ; them with names, too, and use global variables
    
    ;exten => 6245,hint,SIP/Grandstream1&SIP/Xlite1,Joe Schmoe ; Channel hints for presence
    ;exten => 6245,1,Dial(SIP/Grandstream1,20,rt)	; permit transfer
    ;exten => 6245,n(dial),Dial(${HINT},20,rtT)		; Use hint as listed
    ;exten => 6245,n,Voicemail(u6245)		; Voicemail (unavailable)
    ;exten => 6245,s+1,Hangup			; s+1, same as n
    ;exten => 6245,dial+101,Voicemail(b6245)	; Voicemail (busy)
    ;exten => 6361,1,Dial(IAX2/JaneDoe,,rm)		; ring without time limit
    ;exten => 6389,1,Dial(MGCP/aaln/1@192.168.0.14)
    ;exten => 6394,1,Dial(Local/6275/n)		; this will dial ${MARK}
    
    ;exten => 6275,1,Macro(stdexten,6275,${MARK})	; assuming ${MARK} is something like Zap/2
    ;exten => mark,1,Goto(6275|1)			; alias mark to 6275
    ;exten => 6536,1,Macro(stdexten,6236,${WIL})	; Ditto for wil
    ;exten => wil,1,Goto(6236|1)
    ;
    ; Some other handy things are an extension for checking voicemail via
    ; voicemailmain
    ;
    ;exten => 8500,1,VoicemailMain
    ;exten => 8500,n,Hangup
    ;
    ; Or a conference room (you'll need to edit meetme.conf to enable this room)
    ;
    ;exten => 8600,1,Meetme(1234)
    ;
    ; Or playing an announcement to the called party, as soon it answers
    ;
    ;exten = 8700,1,Dial(${MARK},30,A(/path/to/my/announcemsg))
    ;
    ; For more information on applications, just type "show applications" at your
    ; friendly Asterisk CLI prompt.
    ;
    ; 'show application <command>' will show details of how you
    ; use that particular application in this file, the dial plan. 
    ;
    
    
     
  5. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    Na der ganze Quelltext ist weg aber ich weiß nicht wodurch er stand im Verzeichnis etc/asterisk
     
  6. betateilchen

    betateilchen Grandstream-Guru

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    am Letzenberg
    In einer Conf-Datei steht kein Quelltext. Aber egal - ich habe Dir ja oben eine extensions.conf gepostet, die Du als Vorlage verwenden kannst.
     
  7. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    ja danke die klappt auch aber weißt du wo mein Fehler war? Das einfach der Inhalt verschwunden war?
     
  8. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    Achja und dann war mein Problem wie bekomme ich Namensauflösung hin denn über eine feste IP?
     
  9. betateilchen

    betateilchen Grandstream-Guru

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    am Letzenberg
    Zum Verschwinden Deiner extensions.conf:

    [​IMG]
    [hr:5db2f7d61a]
    Zum DNS-Problem:

    Feste IP hat doch nix mit DNS-Auflösung zu tun :?:
     
  10. bastilein_1985

    bastilein_1985 Neuer User

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    sondern? was muss ich da machen?