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VPN mit Benutzername und Kennwort?

Dieses Thema im Forum "FRITZ!Box Fon: Modifikationen" wurde erstellt von MasterView, 14 Dez. 2005.

  1. MasterView

    MasterView Neuer User

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    Hallo!

    Hab hier ja schon viel über die OpenVPN Lösung gelesen.
    Was ich aber noch nicht gelesen bzw. gefunden habe, ist ob es auch möglich ist sich nur mit Benutzername und Passwort anzumelden.
    Also ohne einen Static Key.

    Hat damit schon einer Erfahrungen gemacht?

    Gruß

    Christian
     
  2. MasterView

    MasterView Neuer User

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    Das Thema scheint ja viele zu interessieren.
    Aber wer weiß wie es geht?
    Gruß
     
  3. fritzchen

    fritzchen Aktives Mitglied

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    vielleicht hilft es Dir weiter mal die Hilfe von openvpn zu betrachten
    Code:
    OpenVPN 2.0 mipsel-linux [SSL] [LZO] built on Jul 11 2005
    
    General Options:
    --config file   : Read configuration options from file.
    --help          : Show options.
    --version       : Show copyright and version information.
    
    Tunnel Options:
    --local host    : Local host name or ip address.
    --remote host [port] : Remote host name or ip address.
    --remote-random : If multiple --remote options specified, choose one randomly.
    --mode m        : Major mode, m = 'p2p' (default, point-to-point) or 'server'.
    --proto p       : Use protocol p for communicating with peer.
                      p = udp (default), tcp-server, or tcp-client
    --connect-retry n : For --proto tcp-client, number of seconds to wait
                      between connection retries (default=5).
    --http-proxy s p [up] [auth] : Connect to remote host through an HTTP proxy at
                      address s and port p.  If proxy authentication is required,
                      up is a file containing username/password on 2 lines, or
                      'stdin' to prompt from console.  Add auth='ntlm' if
                      the proxy requires NTLM authentication.
    --http-proxy-retry     : Retry indefinitely on HTTP proxy errors.
    --http-proxy-timeout n : Proxy timeout in seconds, default=5.
    --http-proxy-option type [parm] : Set extended HTTP proxy options.
                                      Repeat to set multiple options.
                      VERSION version (default=1.0)
                      AGENT user-agent
    --socks-proxy s [p]: Connect to remote host through a Socks5 proxy at address
                      s and port p (default port = 1080).
    --socks-proxy-retry : Retry indefinitely on Socks proxy errors.
    --resolv-retry n: If hostname resolve fails for --remote, retry
                      resolve for n seconds before failing (disabled by default).
                      Set n="infinite" to retry indefinitely.
    --float         : Allow remote to change its IP address/port, such as through
                      DHCP (this is the default if --remote is not used).
    --ipchange cmd  : Execute shell command cmd on remote ip address initial
                      setting or change -- execute as: cmd ip-address port#
    --port port     : TCP/UDP port # for both local and remote.
    --lport port    : TCP/UDP port # for local (default=1194).
    --rport port    : TCP/UDP port # for remote (default=1194).
    --nobind        : Do not bind to local address and port.
    --dev tunX|tapX : tun/tap device (X can be omitted for dynamic device.
    --dev-type dt   : Which device type are we using? (dt = tun or tap) Use
                      this option only if the tun/tap device used with --dev
                      does not begin with "tun" or "tap".
    --dev-node node : Explicitly set the device node rather than using
                      /dev/net/tun, /dev/tun, /dev/tap, etc.
    --tun-ipv6      : Build tun link capable of forwarding IPv6 traffic.
    --ifconfig l rn : TUN: configure device to use IP address l as a local
                      endpoint and rn as a remote endpoint.  l & rn should be
                      swapped on the other peer.  l & rn must be private
                      addresses outside of the subnets used by either peer.
                      TAP: configure device to use IP address l as a local
                      endpoint and rn as a subnet mask.
    --ifconfig-noexec : Don't actually execute ifconfig/netsh command, instead
                        pass --ifconfig parms by environment to scripts.
    --ifconfig-nowarn : Don't warn if the --ifconfig option on this side of the
                        connection doesn't match the remote side.
    --route network [netmask] [gateway] [metric] :
                      Add route to routing table after connection
                      is established.  Multiple routes can be specified.
                      netmask default: 255.255.255.255
                      gateway default: taken from --route-gateway or --ifconfig
                      Specify default by leaving blank or setting to "nil".
    --route-gateway gw : Specify a default gateway for use with --route.
    --route-delay n [w] : Delay n seconds after connection initiation before
                      adding routes (may be 0).  If not specified, routes will
                      be added immediately after tun/tap open.  On Windows, wait
                      up to w seconds for TUN/TAP adapter to come up.
    --route-up cmd  : Execute shell cmd after routes are added.
    --route-noexec  : Don't add routes automatically.  Instead pass routes to
                      --route-up script using environmental variables.
    --redirect-gateway [flags]: (Experimental) Automatically execute routing
                      commands to redirect all outgoing IP traffic through the
                      VPN.  Add 'local' flag if both OpenVPN servers are directly
                      connected via a common subnet, such as with WiFi.
                      Add 'def1' flag to set default route using using 0.0.0.0/1
                      and 128.0.0.0/1 rather than 0.0.0.0/0.
    --setenv name value : Set a custom environmental variable to pass to script.
    --shaper n      : Restrict output to peer to n bytes per second.
    --keepalive n m : Helper option for setting timeouts in server mode.  Send
                      ping once every n seconds, restart if ping not received
                      for m seconds.
    --inactive n    : Exit after n seconds of inactivity on tun/tap device.
    --ping-exit n   : Exit if n seconds pass without reception of remote ping.
    --ping-restart n: Restart if n seconds pass without reception of remote ping.
    --ping-timer-rem: Run the --ping-exit/--ping-restart timer only if we have a
                      remote address.
    --ping n        : Ping remote once every n seconds over TCP/UDP port.
    --fast-io       : (experimental) Optimize TUN/TAP/UDP writes.
    --explicit-exit-notify n : (experimental) on exit, send exit signal to remote.
    --remap-usr1 s  : On SIGUSR1 signals, remap signal (s='SIGHUP' or 'SIGTERM').
    --persist-tun   : Keep tun/tap device open across SIGUSR1 or --ping-restart.
    --persist-remote-ip : Keep remote IP address across SIGUSR1 or --ping-restart.
    --persist-local-ip  : Keep local IP address across SIGUSR1 or --ping-restart.
    --persist-key   : Don't re-read key files across SIGUSR1 or --ping-restart.
    --passtos       : TOS passthrough (applies to IPv4 only).
    --tun-mtu n     : Take the tun/tap device MTU to be n and derive the
                      TCP/UDP MTU from it (default=1500).
    --tun-mtu-extra n : Assume that tun/tap device might return as many
                      as n bytes more than the tun-mtu size on read
                      (default TUN=0 TAP=32).
    --link-mtu n    : Take the TCP/UDP device MTU to be n and derive the tun MTU
                      from it.
    --mtu-disc type : Should we do Path MTU discovery on TCP/UDP channel?
                      'no'    -- Never send DF (Don't Fragment) frames
                      'maybe' -- Use per-route hints
                      'yes'   -- Always DF (Don't Fragment)
    --mtu-test      : Empirically measure and report MTU.
    --fragment max  : Enable internal datagram fragmentation so that no UDP
                      datagrams are sent which are larger than max bytes.
                      Adds 4 bytes of overhead per datagram.
    --mssfix [n]    : Set upper bound on TCP MSS, default = tun-mtu size
                      or --fragment max value, whichever is lower.
    --sndbuf size   : Set the TCP/UDP send buffer size.
    --rcvbuf size   : Set the TCP/UDP receive buffer size.
    --txqueuelen n  : Set the tun/tap TX queue length to n (Linux only).
    --mlock         : Disable Paging -- ensures key material and tunnel
                      data will never be written to disk.
    --up cmd        : Shell cmd to execute after successful tun device open.
                      Execute as: cmd tun/tap-dev tun-mtu link-mtu \
                                  ifconfig-local-ip ifconfig-remote-ip
                      (pre --user or --group UID/GID change)
    --up-delay      : Delay tun/tap open and possible --up script execution
                      until after TCP/UDP connection establishment with peer.
    --down cmd      : Shell cmd to run after tun device close.
                      (post --user/--group UID/GID change and/or --chroot)
                      (script parameters are same as --up option)
    --down-pre      : Call --down cmd/script before TUN/TAP close.
    --up-restart    : Run up/down scripts for all restarts including those
                      caused by --ping-restart or SIGUSR1
    --user user     : Set UID to user after initialization.
    --group group   : Set GID to group after initialization.
    --chroot dir    : Chroot to this directory after initialization.
    --cd dir        : Change to this directory before initialization.
    --daemon [name] : Become a daemon after initialization.
                      The optional 'name' parameter will be passed
                      as the program name to the system logger.
    --inetd [name] ['wait'|'nowait'] : Run as an inetd or xinetd server.
                      See --daemon above for a description of the 'name' parm.
    --log file      : Output log to file which is created/truncated on open.
    --log-append file : Append log to file, or create file if nonexistent.
    --suppress-timestamps : Don't log timestamps to stdout/stderr.
    --writepid file : Write main process ID to file.
    --nice n        : Change process priority (>0 = lower, <0 = higher).
    --echo [parms ...] : Echo parameters to log output.
    --verb n        : Set output verbosity to n (default=1):
                      (Level 3 is recommended if you want a good summary
                      of what's happening without being swamped by output).
                    : 0 -- no output except fatal errors
                    : 1 -- startup info + connection initiated messages +
                           non-fatal encryption & net errors
                    : 2,3 -- show TLS negotiations & route info
                    : 4 -- show parameters
                    : 5 -- show 'RrWw' chars on console for each packet sent
                           and received from TCP/UDP (caps) or tun/tap (lc)
                    : 6 to 11 -- debug messages of increasing verbosity
    --mute n        : Log at most n consecutive messages in the same category.
    --status file n : Write operational status to file every n seconds.
    --status-version [n] : Choose the status file format version number.
                      Currently, n can be 1 or 2 (default=1).
    --disable-occ   : Disable options consistency check between peers.
    --gremlin mask  : Special stress testing mode (for debugging only).
    --comp-lzo      : Use fast LZO compression -- may add up to 1 byte per
                      packet for uncompressible data.
    --comp-noadapt  : Don't use adaptive compression when --comp-lzo
                      is specified.
    --management ip port [pass] : Enable a TCP server on ip:port to handle
                      management functions.  pass is a password file
                      or 'stdin' to prompt from console.
    --management-query-passwords : Query management channel for private key
                      and auth-user-pass passwords.
    --management-hold : Start OpenVPN in a hibernating state, until a client
                        of the management interface explicitly starts it.
    --management-log-cache n : Cache n lines of log file history for usage
                      by the management channel.
    --plugin m [str]: Load plug-in module m passing str as an argument
                      to its initialization function.
    
    Multi-Client Server options (when --mode server is used):
    --server network netmask : Helper option to easily configure server mode.
    --server-bridge IP netmask pool-start-IP pool-end-IP : Helper option to
                        easily configure ethernet bridging server mode.
    --push "option" : Push a config file option back to the peer for remote
                      execution.  Peer must specify --pull in its config file.
    --push-reset    : Don't inherit global push list for specific
                      client instance.
    --ifconfig-pool start-IP end-IP [netmask] : Set aside a pool of subnets
                      to be dynamically allocated to connecting clients.
    --ifconfig-pool-linear : Use individual addresses rather than /30 subnets
                      in tun mode.  Not compatible with Windows clients.
    --ifconfig-pool-persist file [seconds] : Persist/unpersist ifconfig-pool
                      data to file, at seconds intervals (default=600).
                      If seconds=0, file will be treated as read-only.
    --ifconfig-push local remote-netmask : Push an ifconfig option to remote,
                      overrides --ifconfig-pool dynamic allocation.
                      Only valid in a client-specific config file.
    --iroute network [netmask] : Route subnet to client.
                      Sets up internal routes only.
                      Only valid in a client-specific config file.
    --disable       : Client is disabled.
                      Only valid in a client-specific config file.
    --client-cert-not-required : Don't require client certificate, client
                      will authenticate using username/password.
    --username-as-common-name  : For auth-user-pass authentication, use
                      the authenticated username as the common name,
                      rather than the common name from the client cert.
    --auth-user-pass-verify cmd method: Query client for username/password and
                      run script cmd to verify.  If method='via-env', pass
                      user/pass via environment, if method='via-file', pass
                      user/pass via temporary file.
    --client-to-client : Internally route client-to-client traffic.
    --duplicate-cn  : Allow multiple clients with the same common name to
                      concurrently connect.
    --client-connect cmd : Run script cmd on client connection.
    --client-disconnect cmd : Run script cmd on client disconnection.
    --client-config-dir dir : Directory for custom client config files.
    --ccd-exclusive : Refuse connection unless custom client config is found.
    --tmp-dir dir   : Temporary directory, used for --client-connect return file.
    --hash-size r v : Set the size of the real address hash table to r and the
                      virtual address table to v.
    --bcast-buffers n : Allocate n broadcast buffers.
    --tcp-queue-limit n : Maximum number of queued TCP output packets.
    --learn-address cmd : Run script cmd to validate client virtual addresses.
    --connect-freq n s : Allow a maximum of n new connections per s seconds.
    --max-clients n : Allow a maximum of n simultaneously connected clients.
    
    Client options (when connecting to a multi-client server):
    --client         : Helper option to easily configure client mode.
    --auth-user-pass [up] : Authenticate with server using username/password.
                      up is a file containing username/password on 2 lines,
                      or omit to prompt from console.
    --pull           : Accept certain config file options from the peer as if they
                      were part of the local config file.  Must be specified
                      when connecting to a '--mode server' remote host.
    
    Data Channel Encryption Options (must be compatible between peers):
    (These options are meaningful for both Static Key & TLS-mode)
    --secret f [d]  : Enable Static Key encryption mode (non-TLS).
                      Use shared secret file f, generate with --genkey.
                      The optional d parameter controls key directionality.
                      If d is specified, use separate keys for each
                      direction, set d=0 on one side of the connection,
                      and d=1 on the other side.
    --auth alg      : Authenticate packets with HMAC using message
                      digest algorithm alg (default=SHA1).
                      (usually adds 16 or 20 bytes per packet)
                      Set alg=none to disable authentication.
    --cipher alg    : Encrypt packets with cipher algorithm alg
                      (default=BF-CBC).
                      Set alg=none to disable encryption.
    --keysize n     : Size of cipher key in bits (optional).
                      If unspecified, defaults to cipher-specific default.
    --engine [name] : Enable OpenSSL hardware crypto engine functionality.
    --no-replay     : Disable replay protection.
    --mute-replay-warnings : Silence the output of replay warnings to log file.
    --replay-window n [t]  : Use a replay protection sliding window of size n
                             and a time window of t seconds.
                             Default n=64 t=15
    --no-iv         : Disable cipher IV -- only allowed with CBC mode ciphers.
    --replay-persist file : Persist replay-protection state across sessions
                      using file.
    --test-crypto   : Run a self-test of crypto features enabled.
                      For debugging only.
    
    TLS Key Negotiation Options:
    (These options are meaningful only for TLS-mode)
    --tls-server    : Enable TLS and assume server role during TLS handshake.
    --tls-client    : Enable TLS and assume client role during TLS handshake.
    --key-method m  : Data channel key exchange method.  m should be a method
                      number, such as 1 (default), 2, etc.
    --ca file       : Certificate authority file in .pem format containing
                      root certificate.
    --dh file       : File containing Diffie Hellman parameters
                      in .pem format (for --tls-server only).
                      Use "openssl dhparam -out dh1024.pem 1024" to generate.
    --cert file     : Local certificate in .pem format -- must be signed
                      by a Certificate Authority in --ca file.
    --key file      : Local private key in .pem format.
    --pkcs12 file   : PKCS#12 file containing local private key, local certificate
                      and root CA certificate.
    --tls-cipher l  : A list l of allowable TLS ciphers separated by : (optional).
                    : Use --show-tls to see a list of supported TLS ciphers.
    --tls-timeout n : Packet retransmit timeout on TLS control channel
                      if no ACK from remote within n seconds (default=2).
    --reneg-bytes n : Renegotiate data chan. key after n bytes sent and recvd.
    --reneg-pkts n  : Renegotiate data chan. key after n packets sent and recvd.
    --reneg-sec n   : Renegotiate data chan. key after n seconds (default=3600).
    --hand-window n : Data channel key exchange must finalize within n seconds
                      of handshake initiation by any peer (default=60).
    --tran-window n : Transition window -- old key can live this many seconds
                      after new key renegotiation begins (default=3600).
    --single-session: Allow only one session (reset state on restart).
    --tls-exit      : Exit on TLS negotiation failure.
    --tls-auth f [d]: Add an additional layer of authentication on top of the TLS
                      control channel to protect against DoS attacks.
                      f (required) is a shared-secret passphrase file.
                      The optional d parameter controls key directionality,
                      see --secret option for more info.
    --askpass [file]: Get PEM password from controlling tty before we daemonize.
    --auth-nocache  : Don't cache --askpass or --auth-user-pass passwords.
    --crl-verify crl: Check peer certificate against a CRL.
    --tls-verify cmd: Execute shell command cmd to verify the X509 name of a
                      pending TLS connection that has otherwise passed all other
                      tests of certification.  cmd should return 0 to allow
                      TLS handshake to proceed, or 1 to fail.  (cmd is
                      executed as 'cmd certificate_depth X509_NAME_oneline')
    --tls-remote x509name: Accept connections only from a host with X509 name
                      x509name. The remote host must also pass all other tests
                      of verification.
    --ns-cert-type t: Require that peer certificate was signed with an explicit
                      nsCertType designation t = 'client' | 'server'.
    
    SSL Library information:
    --show-ciphers  : Show cipher algorithms to use with --cipher option.
    --show-digests  : Show message digest algorithms to use with --auth option.
    --show-engines  : Show hardware crypto accelerator engines (if available).
    --show-tls      : Show all TLS ciphers (TLS used only as a control channel).
    
    Generate a random key (only for non-TLS static key encryption mode):
    --genkey        : Generate a random key to be used as a shared secret,
                      for use with the --secret option.
    --secret file   : Write key to file.
    
    Tun/tap config mode (available with linux 2.4+):
    --mktun         : Create a persistent tunnel.
    --rmtun         : Remove a persistent tunnel.
    --dev tunX|tapX : tun/tap device
    --dev-type dt   : Device type.  See tunnel options above for details.
    
    
    selbst ist der Mann ;)
     
  4. lord-of-linux

    lord-of-linux Mitglied

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    Ich habe mir etwas ähnliches überleg, nur leider versteh ich das mit der Konfig mit OpenVPN auch net ganz. Gibts irgend wo ne Deutsche Anleitung, die das Beschreibt?
     
  5. futuremax2k

    futuremax2k Neuer User

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    Ja gibt es aber nur für Zertifikate also nicht mit UN und PW.

    gib mal bei google "openvpn" ein da gibts ne deutsche wiki und unten die links.

    Aber das mit dem handshake ist noch das prob zumindest bei mir wenns um zertifakte geht

    MFG